During the recent debate between the senate and the government regarding bill C-45, one of the larger points of contention was the senate’s recommendation to allow individual provinces to prohibit the home cultivation of pot. Growing cannabis in residences was one of the 13 out of 46 recommendations the government disagreed with, and with the passing of bill C-45, Canadians in many provinces will soon be free to cultivate some of the strains they love best, right from the convenience of home! However, since each province is responsible for the nitty gritty of enforcing the new pot laws and rules, specific guidelines for growing your own pot will likely vary from province to province. BC has chosen to adhere closely to the original federal mandate that adults can cultivate up to four plants. If you’re one of the many Canadians interested in cultivating cannabis, here’s a quick summary of the pot laws and rules by province:
Growing Cannabis Plants in Canada
Growing Cannabis in British Columbia
Similar to the federal rules, adults 19 years of age and older will be able to grow up to four marijuana plants per household, to a maximum size of 100 centimetres. However, the plants must not be visible from any public area off the property. In addition, home cultivation will be prohibited in any residence that’s used as a daycare or other child care facility. Under the Residential Tenancy Act, home cultivation will remain banned under existing leases. For new leases, the landlords will be able to decide whether or not to allow tenants to grow their own recreational cannabis. So it’s a good idea to check the fine print before planting! Find more information here.
Growing Cannabis in Alberta
In Alberta, Canadians will also be able to cultivate up to four plants to a maximum of 100 cm. Unlike BC, the legal age for possession, consumption, and growth of cannabis is 18, which is more in line with federal laws. Outdoor cultivation of cannabis will be prohibited. Alberta has also taken the impending legalization laws as an opportunity to revamp their existing liquor laws. To see more about how cannabis and alcohol legislation will work in tandem, visit the Alberta government’s website here.
Growing Cannabis in Saskatchewan
Like BC, Saskatchewan will allow adults 19 years of age or older to grow up to four marijuana plants per household. However, the exact framework regarding whether or not pot for personal use can be grown in condos and other shared spaces is still up for debate. Saskatchewan’s cannabis framework can be found here.
Growing Cannabis in Manitoba
The province of Manitoba has taken a harsher stance on growing your own pot, and will not allow for the home cultivation of recreational marijuana. This legislation does not affect the current laws around medical marijuana. Read the full act here.
Growing Cannabis in Ontario
In Ontario, the new pot rules allow for the cultivation of up to four plants per residence. Legal seeds and seedlings for home cultivation will be available for purchase at the Ontario Cannabis Store. A fantastic overview of what will and won’t be legal in Ontario can be found here.
Growing Cannabis in Quebec
Like Manitoba, Quebec has decided to prohibit the home cultivation of recreational marijuana plants. However, the legal age for consumption and possession of pot is 18, which is lower than the majority of other Canadian provinces. It’s still unclear how the federal and provincial laws around home-growing will be enforced. French speakers can read this interesting article posted on June 20th.
Growing Cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador
In Newfoundland and Labrador, the cultivation of up to four marijuana plants per residence will be allowed. Like the majority of other provinces, the legal age for possession and consumption will be set at 19. Possessing a budding or flowering pot plant in a public space will be considered a criminal offense. You can find the NL FAQ here.
Growing Cannabis in New Brunswick
New Brunswick has adopted the federal guideline of up to four pot plants if the grower is 19 or older, however, will also allow for both the indoor and outdoor cultivation of recreational marijuana. If grown outdoors, the cannabis plants must be surrounded by a locked enclosure that’s 1.52 metres tall, or taller. Further details are available here.
Growing Cannabis in Nova Scotia
In Nova Scotia, adults 19 years of age or older will be allowed to cultivate up to four cannabis plants per household. Those who grow more than four will be subject to fines or other penalties, depending on the number of plants. The government of Nova Scotia also encourages extra care when growing your own pot in a house with pets or children. More info here.
Growing Cannabis in Prince Edward Island
Like many other provinces, PEI will allow up to four plants per household, as long as they’re inaccessible to minors. The minimum age for possession in PEI is 19. A good overview of PEI pot laws and rules can be found here.
Growing Cannabis in The Territories
Pot laws and rules will remain much the same throughout the three Territories. The minimum legal age will be set at 19, and the rules allow for up to four plants per household. Landlords may choose to lower the limit or prohibit pot cultivation altogether.
As you can see, the new laws will allow Canadians to take green thumb gardening to the next level. Happy planting!